The federal levees that were supposed to protect New Orleans fell apart in August 2005, and floodwaters filled 80 percent of the city. The destructive water sat for weeks in some neighborhoods, ruining houses, businesses and undermining streets and the city’s water and sewer system. For a decade, FEMA fought paying the city’s damage claims. Finally, in December 2015, Mayor Mitch Landrieu’s administration and FEMA officials reached a $2.04 billion settlement for infrastructure repairs. The release about the agreement said city officials had met with FEMA more than 800 times since 2010.